Action Research is the approach which not only attempts to measure but also to make change for the better. The term was first coined by Kurt Lewin in the 1940s in relation to minorities. In contrast to other forms of research which measure and observe, action research is highly reflexive and attempts to engage participants to make changes where they are most needed. Often the research being conducted informs the areas which most need attending to.
There are two types of action research, participatory action research and practical action research. This kind of method can be very participant led and involves a great deal of researcher interaction. Action Research methods are often adopted by organisations, institutions and community groups. The aim is to address issues and create recommendations for future action or policy.